Cande and Russ Toner

Cande and Russ Toner

Enameling is the ancient process of fusing glass onto metal. Traditionally powdered glass is applied to metal and melted in a kiln at 1350˚ to 1500˚F. Cande and Russ Toner of Dancing Turtle Studios take a more unconventional approach. The metal is cut to shape and hammered to form a slight dome. The metal is then annealed, cleaned and glass is sifted on the back and fired to produce a counter enamel. The piece is then cleaned again to prepare for the final firings, leaving the natural fire scale in place as design elements. Special ink is prepared from black oxide and painted on to the bare surface.

At this point the kiln is heated from 1750˚ to 2000˚F, glass is applied to the surface and the piece is fired again. This process is repeated up to twelve times. This higher temperature is used to bring out an ancient and earthy look as well as a special clarity and depth in the glass.

All frames are hand made by Russ Toner. They are painted with a professional grade acrylic paint, textured for depth and design, and ready to hang.